Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 138,409
2 United Kingdom 59,633
3 China 43,762
4 Germany 30,992
5 Australia 26,103
6 Netherlands 23,555
7 Japan 18,949
8 Canada 16,467
9 Switzerland 12,045
10 South Korea 10,434
11 France 9,775
12 Italy 9,658
13 Spain 7,135
14 Brazil 6,083
15 Taiwan 5,706
16 Sweden 5,657
17 India 5,588
18 Belgium 5,377
19 Israel 5,269
20 Turkey 5,123

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach