Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,181,930
2 United States 393,843
3 India 255,447
4 Germany 108,302
5 United Kingdom 104,919
6 Japan 104,168
7 Turkey 98,269
8 Brazil 84,567
9 Italy 77,230
10 Thailand 75,444
11 France 73,486
12 Spain 70,286
13 Taiwan 68,320
14 South Korea 68,296
15 Canada 68,161
16 Australia 52,345
17 Poland 48,443
18 Iran 42,296
19 Russia 35,342
20 Switzerland 28,354

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach