Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,192,791
2 United States 385,458
3 India 250,495
4 Germany 103,007
5 Turkey 100,553
6 Japan 99,863
7 United Kingdom 95,782
8 Brazil 83,624
9 Thailand 77,714
10 France 77,645
11 Italy 71,597
12 Taiwan 70,280
13 South Korea 70,244
14 Spain 69,850
15 Canada 67,510
16 Australia 56,233
17 Saudi Arabia 48,655
18 Poland 47,534
19 Iran 44,084
20 Russia 33,978

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach