Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,102,583
2 United States 363,805
3 India 240,923
4 Japan 129,528
5 United Kingdom 105,764
6 Germany 104,818
7 Turkey 90,881
8 Brazil 78,023
9 Italy 75,561
10 Thailand 69,825
11 Spain 69,226
12 France 67,960
13 South Korea 66,223
14 Canada 65,014
15 Taiwan 56,114
16 Poland 45,797
17 Australia 44,755
18 Russia 36,342
19 Iran 36,218
20 Saudi Arabia 25,124

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach