Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 637,165
2 United States 518,865
3 United Kingdom 424,001
4 Germany 174,921
5 Australia 109,356
6 Japan 96,293
7 Netherlands 86,302
8 Canada 77,079
9 France 59,657
10 South Korea 56,099
11 Switzerland 45,826
12 Italy 44,624
13 Turkey 44,304
14 Taiwan 41,880
15 India 36,982
16 Malaysia 35,195
17 Hong Kong 31,980
18 South Africa 31,903
19 Belgium 30,242
20 Indonesia 29,912

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach