Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 369,810
2 China 232,731
3 United Kingdom 99,161
4 Canada 81,134
5 Japan 79,702
6 Brazil 64,361
7 Germany 63,760
8 Australia 52,033
9 France 40,656
10 India 37,330
11 Russia 23,888
12 Italy 21,239
13 South Korea 21,193
14 Mexico 20,436
15 Netherlands 19,529
16 Belgium 18,572
17 Thailand 17,559
18 Spain 16,954
19 Taiwan 16,759
20 Turkey 14,616

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach