Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,836,893
2 United Kingdom 775,604
3 Australia 361,535
4 China 350,081
5 Netherlands 298,977
6 Canada 262,362
7 Germany 228,595
8 Japan 78,342
9 South Korea 76,631
10 Israel 69,964
11 Hong Kong 67,988
12 Switzerland 59,021
13 Turkey 58,869
14 France 57,450
15 New Zealand 52,195
16 Belgium 43,487
17 Singapore 43,211
18 Sweden 37,492
19 Italy 37,235
20 Taiwan 31,566

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach