Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 634,249
2 United Kingdom 290,599
3 Australia 271,419
4 Canada 168,133
5 China 164,716
6 Japan 90,386
7 Brazil 88,925
8 France 71,877
9 New Zealand 68,750
10 Germany 65,630
11 Spain 48,454
12 Mexico 42,741
13 South Korea 40,625
14 Netherlands 40,022
15 Russia 37,089
16 South Africa 35,360
17 Thailand 34,576
18 Portugal 33,969
19 Malaysia 33,490
20 Italy 33,450

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach