Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 763,868
2 United Kingdom 429,960
3 Australia 214,348
4 China 175,765
5 Canada 135,772
6 Netherlands 91,326
7 Germany 85,654
8 France 39,836
9 Turkey 39,035
10 Japan 38,695
11 Israel 35,778
12 Hong Kong 35,482
13 Italy 35,077
14 Spain 29,343
15 Belgium 29,273
16 Sweden 29,070
17 Switzerland 26,271
18 South Korea 25,618
19 Taiwan 25,590
20 Thailand 23,794

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach