Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 732,024
2 United Kingdom 401,217
3 Australia 207,926
4 China 159,980
5 Canada 127,059
6 Netherlands 93,981
7 Germany 82,826
8 France 40,846
9 Turkey 36,915
10 Israel 35,392
11 Japan 34,113
12 Hong Kong 33,511
13 Italy 33,112
14 Spain 29,408
15 Belgium 29,277
16 Sweden 29,162
17 Taiwan 25,848
18 South Korea 25,578
19 Thailand 24,849
20 Switzerland 24,043

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach