Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 769,856
2 United Kingdom 447,844
3 Australia 215,445
4 China 184,580
5 Canada 146,564
6 Netherlands 91,197
7 Germany 84,470
8 Turkey 41,302
9 Japan 40,098
10 France 39,820
11 Hong Kong 38,140
12 Italy 36,524
13 Israel 36,371
14 Spain 29,281
15 Switzerland 29,000
16 Belgium 28,764
17 Sweden 27,409
18 Taiwan 26,082
19 South Korea 25,930
20 New Zealand 24,408

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach