Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 434,048
2 China 220,050
3 United Kingdom 163,077
4 Germany 109,547
5 Japan 89,001
6 Australia 53,146
7 France 47,701
8 Canada 46,398
9 Netherlands 38,980
10 South Korea 32,492
11 Italy 31,809
12 Switzerland 28,589
13 Taiwan 25,853
14 Hong Kong 23,658
15 India 22,194
16 Spain 19,750
17 Brazil 17,880
18 Singapore 16,723
19 Russia 16,691
20 Turkey 14,832

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach