Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 417,701
2 China 197,149
3 United Kingdom 145,007
4 Germany 119,932
5 Japan 91,490
6 Australia 63,489
7 France 56,349
8 Canada 45,329
9 Netherlands 36,941
10 South Korea 29,876
11 Taiwan 29,628
12 Italy 29,324
13 India 22,557
14 Hong Kong 22,049
15 Switzerland 21,270
16 Spain 19,566
17 Brazil 18,346
18 Sweden 14,572
19 Malaysia 14,302
20 Indonesia 14,105

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach