Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 438,298
2 China 213,201
3 United Kingdom 157,083
4 Germany 119,742
5 Japan 92,829
6 Australia 64,997
7 France 55,038
8 Canada 47,101
9 Netherlands 38,714
10 Italy 31,155
11 South Korea 30,231
12 Taiwan 28,506
13 India 24,889
14 Hong Kong 23,035
15 Switzerland 22,334
16 Spain 19,805
17 Brazil 18,626
18 Sweden 14,599
19 Turkey 13,902
20 Singapore 12,657

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach