Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 427,352
2 China 237,593
3 United Kingdom 177,003
4 Germany 86,408
5 Japan 80,143
6 Australia 51,003
7 Canada 45,331
8 France 44,668
9 Netherlands 39,191
10 Italy 33,577
11 South Korea 32,263
12 Switzerland 28,734
13 Hong Kong 26,471
14 India 20,713
15 Spain 20,414
16 Taiwan 18,646
17 Singapore 15,879
18 Brazil 15,319
19 Turkey 15,215
20 Russia 14,071

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach