Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 933,529
2 United States 198,983
3 Japan 78,530
4 Germany 61,758
5 India 60,730
6 Brazil 54,728
7 Italy 51,545
8 United Kingdom 46,432
9 France 43,928
10 South Korea 43,882
11 Canada 38,078
12 Taiwan 33,586
13 Spain 27,752
14 Hong Kong 25,052
15 Australia 24,890
16 Poland 22,647
17 Turkey 19,999
18 Thailand 17,758
19 Chile 16,368
20 Russia 12,000

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach