Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,360,945
2 United States 828,878
3 Japan 608,976
4 Germany 288,193
5 South Korea 281,898
6 India 214,601
7 United Kingdom 209,834
8 Taiwan 193,598
9 France 137,217
10 Russia 104,195
11 Brazil 77,527
12 Canada 73,818
13 Turkey 69,181
14 Australia 68,216
15 Poland 58,290
16 Switzerland 50,840
17 Netherlands 42,817
18 Mexico 38,542
19 Italy 38,168
20 Spain 37,609

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach