Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,587,063
2 United States 1,549,698
3 United Kingdom 388,262
4 Germany 315,216
5 India 283,785
6 Japan 283,028
7 France 275,361
8 South Korea 202,709
9 Brazil 158,983
10 Canada 139,488
11 Australia 118,393
12 Netherlands 110,993
13 Italy 99,541
14 Taiwan 98,570
15 Switzerland 88,199
16 Russia 83,328
17 Spain 68,989
18 Hong Kong 57,595
19 Turkey 56,028
20 Sweden 45,876

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach