Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,715,961
2 United States 1,565,018
3 United Kingdom 393,694
4 Japan 287,854
5 France 280,668
6 Germany 279,791
7 India 273,633
8 South Korea 213,073
9 Canada 141,300
10 Brazil 131,156
11 Australia 121,445
12 Netherlands 115,252
13 Italy 104,076
14 Switzerland 90,056
15 Russia 80,357
16 Taiwan 76,007
17 Spain 71,865
18 Hong Kong 66,289
19 Turkey 56,277
20 Sweden 54,869

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach