Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 447,587
2 United Kingdom 160,552
3 Australia 125,482
4 Canada 54,742
5 China 30,389
6 Netherlands 27,186
7 Belgium 21,054
8 Germany 20,438
9 Turkey 16,772
10 Spain 15,305
11 Taiwan 15,223
12 Italy 15,112
13 Ireland 15,043
14 Hong Kong 14,983
15 France 13,882
16 Sweden 13,618
17 Finland 13,123
18 Israel 12,407
19 South Korea 11,473
20 New Zealand 11,180

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach