Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 448,737
2 United Kingdom 153,051
3 Australia 122,748
4 Canada 53,108
5 China 30,918
6 Netherlands 25,886
7 Germany 21,362
8 Belgium 19,511
9 Taiwan 15,303
10 Italy 14,395
11 Ireland 14,385
12 Hong Kong 14,044
13 Spain 13,983
14 Turkey 13,622
15 Sweden 13,420
16 Finland 13,419
17 France 12,343
18 Israel 11,639
19 South Korea 11,238
20 Brazil 11,214

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach