Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 5,046,251
2 United States 1,587,253
3 India 625,292
4 South Korea 611,954
5 Japan 565,421
6 United Kingdom 517,495
7 Germany 347,707
8 Taiwan 336,254
9 Brazil 304,966
10 Canada 299,394
11 Australia 287,570
12 France 266,137
13 Turkey 210,850
14 Thailand 173,199
15 Malaysia 153,735
16 Spain 150,647
17 Italy 150,363
18 Netherlands 148,384
19 Iran 138,404
20 Mexico 123,804

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach