Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 301,918
2 United States 182,110
3 United Kingdom 75,944
4 India 60,628
5 Japan 60,496
6 Germany 58,390
7 Italy 30,872
8 France 24,954
9 Spain 24,483
10 Brazil 23,336
11 Canada 22,048
12 Turkey 21,250
13 Iran 20,996
14 Russia 19,195
15 South Korea 17,099
16 Australia 15,471
17 Indonesia 12,248
18 Poland 11,722
19 Thailand 11,002
20 Israel 10,510

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach