Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 252,088
2 China 250,781
3 United Kingdom 76,627
4 Germany 69,810
5 South Korea 69,000
6 Japan 49,031
7 Taiwan 40,077
8 France 38,396
9 Canada 36,922
10 India 35,381
11 Australia 32,641
12 Switzerland 23,134
13 Italy 21,046
14 Spain 19,683
15 Brazil 16,480
16 Netherlands 16,248
17 Russia 15,347
18 Mexico 13,450
19 Finland 13,259
20 Sweden 12,399

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach