Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 119,280
2 Brazil 49,250
3 China 47,239
4 Russia 44,051
5 United Kingdom 31,896
6 Australia 21,623
7 Canada 17,446
8 Turkey 16,816
9 Spain 16,606
10 Japan 13,273
11 Italy 12,859
12 Colombia 12,848
13 Mexico 12,285
14 Thailand 11,198
15 Taiwan 9,776
16 India 9,741
17 Indonesia 9,737
18 Netherlands 9,547
19 Germany 9,193
20 South Korea 8,983

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach