Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 118,873
2 Brazil 53,126
3 Russia 47,261
4 China 42,218
5 United Kingdom 30,605
6 Australia 20,666
7 Canada 17,048
8 Turkey 15,663
9 Spain 15,655
10 Colombia 13,862
11 Mexico 13,380
12 Italy 12,978
13 Japan 12,334
14 Thailand 11,788
15 Indonesia 11,154
16 India 10,469
17 Netherlands 9,636
18 Taiwan 9,364
19 Germany 8,842
20 South Korea 8,687

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach