Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,408,544
2 United Kingdom 1,469,652
3 Australia 1,061,505
4 Canada 494,909
5 China 388,257
6 Sweden 296,193
7 Netherlands 170,025
8 Taiwan 139,878
9 Turkey 136,773
10 Ireland 128,101
11 South Korea 116,323
12 Norway 111,654
13 Hong Kong 107,963
14 New Zealand 96,088
15 Spain 87,301
16 Japan 86,979
17 Italy 86,034
18 Belgium 84,501
19 Thailand 79,487
20 Germany 76,619

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach