Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 278,010
2 United States 124,376
3 India 76,805
4 United Kingdom 46,660
5 Brazil 26,539
6 Canada 24,362
7 Germany 24,148
8 Italy 21,786
9 France 21,773
10 Turkey 20,619
11 Japan 20,529
12 Taiwan 16,724
13 Australia 16,703
14 South Korea 16,105
15 Iran 15,245
16 Russia 14,264
17 Spain 11,570
18 Netherlands 10,372
19 Malaysia 10,009
20 Pakistan 9,723

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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