Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 239,109
2 United States 127,164
3 India 81,807
4 United Kingdom 40,129
5 France 36,877
6 Australia 31,957
7 Japan 26,841
8 Turkey 25,393
9 Iran 23,726
10 Canada 23,566
11 Brazil 23,466
12 Germany 22,787
13 South Korea 20,199
14 Taiwan 17,343
15 Italy 16,439
16 Russia 16,265
17 Malaysia 12,610
18 Israel 8,996
19 Greece 8,859
20 Netherlands 8,434

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach