Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 794,726
2 United States 550,151
3 India 303,664
4 Japan 215,094
5 Germany 182,204
6 United Kingdom 173,612
7 Brazil 106,177
8 Turkey 102,997
9 Russia 97,849
10 South Korea 85,717
11 France 72,879
12 Canada 69,947
13 Spain 69,571
14 Italy 54,942
15 Taiwan 52,003
16 Australia 51,969
17 Thailand 49,638
18 Poland 49,526
19 Switzerland 48,852
20 Mexico 44,858

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach