Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 776,087
2 United States 568,670
3 India 368,715
4 Japan 224,292
5 Germany 195,004
6 United Kingdom 163,804
7 Brazil 115,418
8 Turkey 107,553
9 Russia 103,481
10 France 87,101
11 South Korea 84,184
12 Canada 74,679
13 Spain 72,596
14 Australia 63,767
15 Thailand 62,452
16 Taiwan 60,574
17 Italy 53,664
18 Poland 51,484
19 Mexico 46,241
20 South Africa 38,518

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach