Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 782,515
2 United States 572,852
3 India 342,607
4 Japan 219,846
5 Germany 188,713
6 United Kingdom 172,214
7 Brazil 113,746
8 Turkey 107,033
9 Russia 102,035
10 South Korea 82,105
11 France 82,068
12 Canada 72,786
13 Spain 69,896
14 Australia 62,669
15 Thailand 57,595
16 Taiwan 55,055
17 Italy 53,536
18 Poland 50,916
19 Mexico 47,841
20 South Africa 38,285

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach