Publication Options

1000 750 500 250 18 895 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 18 895 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
  • 3
  • 734
  • 6
  • 642
  • 9
  • 766
  • 7
  • 961
  • 18
  • 895

About Publication Options

Discover how many authors have chosen to publish open access in this journal.

Metrics

Year TOTAL PUBLISHED Subscription Open access articles
2020 913 895 18
2019 968 961 7
2018 775 766 9
2017 648 642 6
2016 737 734 3

Definition

Publishing open access

If an author has chosen to publish open access, their article will be made immediately and freely available upon publication on ScienceDirect, in perpetuity, with the author’s chosen user license. Publication is typically funded by an upfront payment made by authors, their institution or funding bodies, commonly known as an Article Publishing Charge (APC). In some journals publication is subsidised by a third party and therefore no upfront payment is required.

Publishing under the subscription model

If an author has chosen to publish under the subscription model, their article will be made available on ScienceDirect and will be accessible to the subscribing institutions and individuals, which fund the publication of the article.

Elsevier also makes research published under the subscription model completely free to access in specific situations, including during health emergencies, to patients and caregivers, and to institutions in low- and middle-income countries.

We never charge for the same article twice: When calculating subscription prices, we do not take into account growth in open access articles. For more information, please see here.

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