Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,532,322
2 United States 448,034
3 India 360,829
4 United Kingdom 243,771
5 Taiwan 171,655
6 South Korea 167,678
7 Turkey 154,738
8 Australia 145,335
9 Brazil 120,858
10 Canada 102,521
11 Malaysia 98,812
12 Spain 82,119
13 Germany 79,780
14 Iran 77,767
15 Japan 66,567
16 Thailand 64,527
17 Italy 58,652
18 France 57,577
19 Indonesia 57,159
20 Netherlands 54,056

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach