Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 1,179,103
2 United States 529,205
3 China 437,932
4 Australia 420,069
5 Germany 399,740
6 Netherlands 314,275
7 Sweden 202,956
8 Finland 189,991
9 Denmark 146,767
10 Taiwan 118,128
11 Brazil 107,279
12 Turkey 100,875
13 France 98,618
14 India 98,046
15 Italy 93,017
16 Canada 92,299
17 Malaysia 82,383
18 Indonesia 78,529
19 New Zealand 74,463
20 South Korea 70,044

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach