Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 27,090
2 United States 19,211
3 India 10,141
4 United Kingdom 6,234
5 Japan 5,431
6 Germany 5,196
7 Turkey 5,038
8 Netherlands 4,237
9 France 3,748
10 Thailand 3,624
11 Brazil 3,380
12 Canada 2,891
13 Spain 2,827
14 Australia 2,558
15 Italy 2,547
16 Poland 2,283
17 South Korea 2,154
18 Taiwan 1,917
19 Iran 1,725
20 Portugal 1,374

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach