Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,051,277
2 India 130,327
3 United States 116,645
4 Turkey 58,131
5 South Korea 56,976
6 United Kingdom 54,131
7 Canada 37,863
8 Taiwan 36,501
9 Brazil 34,705
10 Australia 29,187
11 Mexico 22,961
12 Japan 21,255
13 France 20,890
14 Malaysia 20,669
15 Iran 18,716
16 Spain 17,194
17 Italy 15,355
18 Germany 15,354
19 Thailand 15,329
20 Netherlands 13,345

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach