Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 4,538,778
2 United States 1,485,345
3 India 990,768
4 South Korea 678,059
5 United Kingdom 544,756
6 Japan 484,771
7 Turkey 312,220
8 Taiwan 293,939
9 France 288,765
10 Canada 275,783
11 Germany 263,852
12 Australia 205,666
13 Brazil 182,295
14 Russia 176,183
15 Malaysia 158,500
16 Italy 148,623
17 Iran 134,018
18 Thailand 119,904
19 Netherlands 119,181
20 Pakistan 112,520

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach