Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 3,942,315
2 United States 1,450,198
3 India 1,011,302
4 South Korea 590,995
5 United Kingdom 504,591
6 Japan 452,912
7 Turkey 288,640
8 France 279,346
9 Germany 279,257
10 Taiwan 279,091
11 Canada 257,476
12 Australia 197,248
13 Brazil 193,912
14 Malaysia 176,948
15 Russia 170,176
16 Iran 152,636
17 Italy 136,593
18 Thailand 129,884
19 Pakistan 111,093
20 Netherlands 107,802

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach