Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 964,288
2 United States 619,852
3 Australia 274,769
4 Canada 245,740
5 China 212,051
6 Netherlands 165,828
7 Germany 110,292
8 South Africa 78,201
9 Sweden 69,387
10 New Zealand 60,421
11 France 42,805
12 Singapore 42,576
13 Switzerland 41,219
14 Denmark 38,361
15 Taiwan 36,449
16 Brazil 36,100
17 Norway 35,431
18 Indonesia 35,216
19 Turkey 32,653
20 Japan 31,929

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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