Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 310,911
2 United Kingdom 301,585
3 Australia 171,873
4 Netherlands 106,677
5 Germany 104,020
6 China 84,405
7 Canada 80,083
8 South Africa 43,366
9 Sweden 43,083
10 Finland 41,484
11 Brazil 36,873
12 South Korea 28,760
13 France 28,179
14 New Zealand 25,953
15 Malaysia 25,522
16 Italy 25,303
17 Turkey 24,886
18 India 24,139
19 Taiwan 22,375
20 Iran 22,267

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach