Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 345,645
2 United States 308,501
3 Australia 174,137
4 Netherlands 124,194
5 China 98,073
6 Germany 90,241
7 Canada 87,781
8 Sweden 52,758
9 Finland 51,405
10 South Africa 44,835
11 Brazil 37,890
12 France 34,376
13 Italy 32,607
14 New Zealand 29,493
15 South Korea 29,325
16 Turkey 28,651
17 Belgium 26,175
18 Norway 25,512
19 Spain 24,969
20 Switzerland 24,710

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach