Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 319,654
2 United States 296,207
3 Australia 169,603
4 Netherlands 114,789
5 Germany 99,927
6 China 89,625
7 Canada 83,002
8 Finland 45,602
9 Sweden 43,646
10 South Africa 41,510
11 Brazil 38,483
12 France 30,659
13 South Korea 28,820
14 Italy 27,770
15 New Zealand 27,442
16 Turkey 25,151
17 India 23,188
18 Belgium 23,082
19 Spain 22,897
20 Switzerland 21,990

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach