Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 291,235
2 United Kingdom 280,174
3 Australia 170,891
4 Germany 100,923
5 Netherlands 98,873
6 China 78,567
7 Canada 73,878
8 Sweden 41,463
9 South Africa 40,533
10 Finland 40,175
11 Brazil 35,362
12 South Korea 29,492
13 France 27,580
14 Malaysia 25,209
15 India 24,829
16 New Zealand 24,088
17 Turkey 23,553
18 Iran 23,080
19 Italy 22,234
20 Russia 20,617

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach