Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,132,458
2 United States 166,011
3 India 77,907
4 United Kingdom 69,470
5 South Korea 61,525
6 Canada 46,058
7 Australia 45,304
8 Brazil 33,002
9 Turkey 32,777
10 Germany 31,458
11 France 27,961
12 Taiwan 26,760
13 Japan 24,207
14 Netherlands 21,339
15 South Africa 20,070
16 Italy 17,780
17 Mexico 17,021
18 Hong Kong 16,844
19 Iran 15,205
20 Malaysia 12,847

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach