Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,469,148
2 China 532,070
3 United Kingdom 336,396
4 Australia 227,268
5 Canada 215,329
6 Japan 189,740
7 Germany 177,140
8 Italy 165,554
9 South Korea 147,775
10 Brazil 135,626
11 Iran 129,286
12 France 122,531
13 Netherlands 114,703
14 Taiwan 113,999
15 Spain 111,707
16 Turkey 95,689
17 Belgium 88,996
18 Denmark 72,657
19 India 68,778
20 Switzerland 62,860

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach