Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 965,790
2 China 426,100
3 United Kingdom 221,206
4 Japan 155,251
5 Canada 133,901
6 Germany 120,713
7 Australia 105,579
8 South Korea 86,481
9 Italy 68,891
10 France 57,550
11 Taiwan 52,991
12 Brazil 51,833
13 Spain 46,754
14 Netherlands 45,722
15 Switzerland 35,263
16 Turkey 32,916
17 Sweden 28,057
18 Mexico 27,024
19 Belgium 23,420
20 Iran 22,596

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach