Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,497,438
2 United States 633,646
3 South Korea 310,325
4 Japan 245,293
5 United Kingdom 203,292
6 India 188,156
7 Germany 158,926
8 France 152,963
9 Turkey 151,393
10 Taiwan 144,622
11 Brazil 133,367
12 Canada 112,719
13 Thailand 109,900
14 Spain 109,767
15 Italy 98,663
16 Australia 84,403
17 Netherlands 78,341
18 Poland 76,416
19 Russia 74,076
20 Malaysia 72,502

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach