Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,769,319
2 United States 662,788
3 South Korea 352,944
4 Japan 266,241
5 United Kingdom 217,209
6 India 192,361
7 Turkey 181,230
8 Taiwan 164,693
9 France 160,301
10 Germany 148,410
11 Brazil 136,669
12 Canada 119,407
13 Spain 112,544
14 Italy 112,090
15 Australia 89,937
16 Thailand 88,579
17 Netherlands 84,347
18 Poland 83,350
19 Russia 74,657
20 Malaysia 70,792

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach