Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 461,783
2 United Kingdom 449,839
3 China 326,201
4 Germany 234,418
5 Netherlands 120,533
6 Australia 113,500
7 Canada 72,804
8 France 69,297
9 Italy 68,018
10 Japan 65,963
11 Switzerland 55,796
12 Turkey 45,668
13 Spain 42,434
14 South Korea 38,754
15 Sweden 38,473
16 Belgium 36,437
17 South Africa 34,557
18 Malaysia 32,697
19 Austria 28,660
20 India 27,043

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach