Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 9,943,910
2 United States 2,152,208
3 South Korea 1,632,189
4 Japan 970,536
5 India 836,168
6 Taiwan 703,481
7 Germany 621,881
8 United Kingdom 602,409
9 Canada 416,249
10 Brazil 354,376
11 Australia 339,984
12 France 339,138
13 Turkey 328,158
14 Spain 247,381
15 Italy 211,169
16 Russia 204,031
17 Thailand 171,691
18 Hong Kong 167,464
19 Poland 163,973
20 Malaysia 162,610

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach