Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 9,594,480
2 United States 2,151,171
3 South Korea 1,461,355
4 Japan 967,961
5 India 857,747
6 Germany 673,441
7 Taiwan 668,919
8 United Kingdom 593,485
9 Canada 423,769
10 Brazil 382,652
11 France 337,754
12 Australia 332,700
13 Turkey 304,396
14 Russia 235,462
15 Spain 234,389
16 Thailand 200,825
17 Italy 195,949
18 Malaysia 179,894
19 Mexico 176,105
20 Iran 166,823

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach