Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 390,807
2 United States 228,059
3 India 116,076
4 Germany 64,786
5 Japan 50,254
6 United Kingdom 44,337
7 Canada 39,636
8 France 26,397
9 South Korea 26,278
10 Thailand 22,723
11 Italy 22,151
12 Turkey 21,857
13 Taiwan 20,835
14 Brazil 16,503
15 Australia 16,456
16 Russia 15,514
17 Switzerland 14,324
18 Netherlands 13,910
19 Spain 13,323
20 Poland 12,773

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach