Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,622,901
2 United States 956,056
3 India 421,152
4 United Kingdom 341,531
5 South Korea 338,216
6 Australia 304,639
7 Malaysia 222,544
8 Turkey 201,001
9 Brazil 185,723
10 Canada 185,719
11 Taiwan 170,194
12 Iran 168,300
13 Germany 161,998
14 Japan 156,531
15 Spain 124,569
16 Saudi Arabia 123,011
17 Thailand 115,585
18 Netherlands 114,638
19 France 107,993
20 Russia 96,090

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach