Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,538,771
2 United States 908,308
3 India 461,955
4 South Korea 330,121
5 United Kingdom 325,299
6 Australia 305,738
7 Malaysia 237,156
8 Turkey 206,206
9 Brazil 187,217
10 Canada 176,472
11 Taiwan 174,733
12 Germany 160,838
13 Japan 160,152
14 Iran 158,777
15 Spain 131,497
16 Thailand 126,320
17 Saudi Arabia 120,355
18 France 119,607
19 Russia 109,066
20 Netherlands 106,891

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach