Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,692,622
2 United States 967,788
3 India 368,909
4 United Kingdom 343,370
5 South Korea 341,388
6 Australia 297,822
7 Malaysia 205,585
8 Turkey 187,966
9 Canada 187,634
10 Brazil 171,043
11 Taiwan 167,541
12 Iran 156,596
13 Germany 151,072
14 Japan 142,175
15 Netherlands 124,761
16 Saudi Arabia 121,860
17 Spain 121,701
18 France 104,030
19 Thailand 98,347
20 Singapore 88,882

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach