Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 183,106
2 China 172,796
3 Japan 59,282
4 United Kingdom 49,421
5 Canada 45,042
6 Brazil 35,207
7 South Korea 30,594
8 Australia 28,558
9 Turkey 26,888
10 Germany 26,228
11 Thailand 22,581
12 Spain 21,772
13 France 18,317
14 India 17,185
15 Italy 14,853
16 Taiwan 13,570
17 Iran 12,622
18 Netherlands 12,277
19 Mexico 11,699
20 Belgium 11,209

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach