Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 611,735
2 United Kingdom 456,202
3 China 200,542
4 Australia 139,805
5 Canada 132,616
6 Italy 118,841
7 Germany 118,371
8 Netherlands 95,396
9 Japan 85,520
10 France 75,446
11 Spain 51,184
12 Switzerland 50,915
13 Belgium 38,160
14 South Korea 34,074
15 Israel 33,047
16 Turkey 25,124
17 Brazil 22,922
18 Sweden 22,128
19 Taiwan 22,094
20 Norway 17,606

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach