Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 3,028,885
2 United States 666,703
3 United Kingdom 280,017
4 South Korea 260,268
5 India 249,276
6 Japan 242,656
7 Brazil 174,406
8 Australia 157,958
9 France 153,158
10 Canada 150,726
11 Germany 142,062
12 Taiwan 117,803
13 Turkey 91,838
14 Russia 85,918
15 Spain 85,519
16 Italy 68,780
17 Mexico 61,761
18 Malaysia 57,276
19 Iran 53,009
20 Poland 52,438

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach