Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,733,282
2 United States 757,982
3 Japan 280,919
4 India 279,247
5 United Kingdom 276,691
6 Germany 258,978
7 South Korea 159,930
8 France 116,143
9 Brazil 114,768
10 Spain 110,172
11 Canada 107,441
12 Russia 99,712
13 Australia 91,287
14 Taiwan 80,280
15 Italy 77,642
16 Turkey 70,231
17 Poland 67,862
18 Switzerland 58,271
19 Mexico 49,957
20 Netherlands 46,111

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach