Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,220,142
2 United States 775,461
3 Japan 302,048
4 United Kingdom 293,148
5 India 287,458
6 Germany 244,082
7 South Korea 195,269
8 France 123,832
9 Spain 123,394
10 Brazil 111,505
11 Canada 111,378
12 Russia 102,445
13 Australia 97,930
14 Taiwan 90,551
15 Italy 88,614
16 Turkey 82,455
17 Poland 72,992
18 Switzerland 63,235
19 Hong Kong 52,621
20 Mexico 48,810

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach