Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 610,358
2 United States 441,814
3 United Kingdom 148,749
4 Germany 138,102
5 Japan 115,996
6 India 111,361
7 South Korea 84,182
8 France 66,675
9 Switzerland 55,183
10 Italy 42,939
11 Canada 42,317
12 Brazil 40,922
13 Russia 40,322
14 Australia 37,203
15 Spain 36,181
16 Taiwan 30,656
17 Netherlands 28,919
18 Turkey 26,129
19 Sweden 25,531
20 Poland 24,071

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach