Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 541,900
2 United States 436,346
3 Germany 147,478
4 United Kingdom 145,467
5 India 110,394
6 Japan 107,738
7 South Korea 72,451
8 France 62,804
9 Switzerland 52,727
10 Russia 51,643
11 Brazil 46,853
12 Canada 42,039
13 Italy 40,427
14 Australia 35,278
15 Spain 35,220
16 Taiwan 31,778
17 Netherlands 27,545
18 Turkey 27,152
19 Poland 23,325
20 Sweden 20,735

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach