Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 479,376
2 United States 213,730
3 India 109,983
4 United Kingdom 90,926
5 Germany 64,063
6 South Korea 52,541
7 France 43,115
8 Taiwan 42,821
9 Canada 40,415
10 Turkey 35,348
11 Brazil 33,738
12 Japan 29,407
13 Australia 29,400
14 Malaysia 26,163
15 Italy 26,080
16 Netherlands 24,856
17 Russia 23,731
18 Spain 20,831
19 Iran 18,394
20 Switzerland 18,021

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach