Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 453,494
2 United States 218,680
3 India 93,764
4 United Kingdom 90,310
5 Germany 62,871
6 South Korea 54,448
7 France 40,561
8 Canada 39,450
9 Taiwan 39,071
10 Turkey 34,867
11 Brazil 32,190
12 Australia 30,222
13 Japan 28,825
14 Italy 25,121
15 Netherlands 22,548
16 Malaysia 21,853
17 Russia 20,962
18 Switzerland 18,883
19 Spain 18,757
20 Hong Kong 16,021

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach