Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 415,743
2 United States 203,245
3 United Kingdom 95,047
4 India 73,761
5 Germany 60,594
6 South Korea 54,242
7 Canada 36,482
8 Taiwan 36,122
9 France 34,727
10 Turkey 32,293
11 Brazil 27,442
12 Japan 27,061
13 Australia 27,048
14 Italy 25,309
15 Netherlands 23,257
16 Malaysia 16,820
17 Spain 16,327
18 Hong Kong 15,631
19 Russia 15,435
20 Switzerland 14,974

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach