Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,238,313
2 United Kingdom 978,469
3 China 361,005
4 Australia 284,544
5 Canada 223,338
6 Germany 208,260
7 Netherlands 178,530
8 Japan 136,528
9 Italy 77,921
10 France 73,260
11 Israel 68,247
12 South Korea 62,914
13 Switzerland 61,454
14 Hong Kong 56,528
15 Taiwan 54,575
16 Spain 52,169
17 Turkey 50,239
18 Belgium 48,663
19 New Zealand 43,235
20 Sweden 39,176

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach