Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,192,029
2 United Kingdom 902,478
3 China 321,271
4 Australia 275,948
5 Germany 215,567
6 Canada 209,195
7 Netherlands 166,542
8 Japan 125,659
9 Italy 68,616
10 France 67,337
11 Israel 62,930
12 South Korea 59,786
13 Switzerland 54,832
14 Taiwan 53,221
15 Hong Kong 49,812
16 Belgium 49,450
17 Spain 48,312
18 New Zealand 43,617
19 Turkey 42,672
20 Sweden 37,163

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach