Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 305,724
2 United Kingdom 184,427
3 China 179,568
4 Australia 67,954
5 South Korea 63,397
6 Japan 60,943
7 Italy 46,611
8 Germany 42,225
9 Canada 38,608
10 Netherlands 34,622
11 Turkey 27,903
12 Taiwan 27,511
13 France 26,215
14 Brazil 25,512
15 Spain 20,240
16 Thailand 18,146
17 Sweden 17,313
18 Ireland 15,303
19 Switzerland 15,001
20 Hong Kong 14,107

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach