Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 181,245
2 China 119,263
3 Japan 63,280
4 United Kingdom 55,636
5 Germany 49,117
6 France 30,178
7 Canada 27,447
8 Brazil 26,790
9 India 24,684
10 Italy 21,252
11 South Korea 20,742
12 Spain 18,756
13 Australia 18,643
14 Netherlands 18,390
15 Taiwan 15,558
16 Russia 15,295
17 Switzerland 13,924
18 Turkey 13,328
19 Poland 12,851
20 Mexico 9,613

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach