Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 67,033
2 United States 38,438
3 Germany 16,166
4 United Kingdom 15,027
5 India 11,616
6 Turkey 9,394
7 Japan 9,137
8 Australia 8,886
9 Canada 7,982
10 Brazil 7,773
11 France 6,613
12 Italy 5,616
13 Russia 5,114
14 South Korea 4,592
15 Mexico 4,272
16 Iran 3,979
17 Switzerland 3,510
18 Spain 3,336
19 Portugal 3,328
20 South Africa 3,060

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach