Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 79,884
2 United States 42,972
3 United Kingdom 16,571
4 Germany 15,427
5 India 14,399
6 Turkey 11,282
7 Japan 10,234
8 Australia 9,133
9 Canada 9,079
10 Brazil 7,981
11 France 6,882
12 Italy 6,303
13 Russia 6,123
14 Mexico 4,473
15 South Korea 4,108
16 Switzerland 3,864
17 Spain 3,558
18 Portugal 3,061
19 Iran 2,973
20 South Africa 2,950

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach