Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,338,280
2 United States 1,144,651
3 United Kingdom 627,523
4 Germany 411,180
5 India 402,501
6 Japan 298,746
7 South Korea 295,868
8 Canada 274,655
9 Australia 238,553
10 Brazil 233,393
11 France 211,498
12 Netherlands 194,770
13 Taiwan 129,524
14 Thailand 116,095
15 Malaysia 115,727
16 Italy 115,692
17 Russia 114,165
18 Switzerland 107,029
19 Turkey 105,919
20 Spain 103,810

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach