Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,284,512
2 United States 1,180,590
3 United Kingdom 623,183
4 Germany 443,297
5 India 441,567
6 Japan 308,335
7 South Korea 286,901
8 Canada 269,274
9 Australia 266,496
10 Brazil 250,406
11 France 217,097
12 Netherlands 185,131
13 Thailand 137,765
14 Taiwan 136,992
15 Russia 132,794
16 Malaysia 129,827
17 Italy 119,423
18 Turkey 115,074
19 Mexico 110,641
20 Spain 108,118

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach