Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,532,329
2 United States 1,088,247
3 United Kingdom 626,866
4 India 386,168
5 Germany 372,809
6 South Korea 317,919
7 Japan 305,568
8 Canada 276,753
9 Australia 235,383
10 France 211,034
11 Brazil 208,252
12 Netherlands 203,336
13 Taiwan 134,111
14 Italy 122,427
15 Turkey 108,360
16 Malaysia 106,691
17 Switzerland 105,601
18 Spain 103,051
19 Thailand 94,072
20 Russia 93,885

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach