Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,130,715
2 United States 1,172,120
3 United Kingdom 596,111
4 India 474,850
5 Germany 456,757
6 Japan 308,068
7 South Korea 276,364
8 Australia 266,314
9 Canada 262,021
10 Brazil 255,109
11 France 225,469
12 Netherlands 175,970
13 Malaysia 164,566
14 Thailand 153,155
15 Russia 146,821
16 Taiwan 145,809
17 Italy 125,289
18 Turkey 119,610
19 Spain 113,439
20 Mexico 110,449

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach