Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,524,932
2 United States 639,099
3 India 345,988
4 United Kingdom 326,969
5 Brazil 277,063
6 Australia 237,416
7 France 211,320
8 Japan 202,285
9 South Korea 190,471
10 Germany 176,489
11 Turkey 133,621
12 Canada 132,411
13 Malaysia 98,559
14 Russia 96,591
15 Switzerland 93,285
16 Spain 85,373
17 Netherlands 84,374
18 Belgium 80,686
19 Taiwan 74,515
20 Hong Kong 69,860

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach