Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 103,389
2 Canada 53,617
3 China 50,819
4 United Kingdom 29,291
5 Australia 20,911
6 South Korea 16,250
7 Japan 14,171
8 Switzerland 14,093
9 Turkey 11,452
10 Germany 9,971
11 France 9,239
12 Netherlands 8,742
13 Spain 8,294
14 Italy 8,246
15 Taiwan 6,535
16 Thailand 6,355
17 Brazil 6,282
18 Russia 6,230
19 Colombia 5,826
20 Hong Kong 3,760

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach