Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 France 97,344
2 Canada 12,897
3 Switzerland 3,365
4 Lebanon 2,048
5 Netherlands 1,709
6 Brazil 1,470
7 Senegal 1,437
8 United States 1,063
9 Belgium 918
10 Réunion 915
11 Spain 355
12 China 241
13 Germany 193
14 United Kingdom 146
15 Algeria 130
16 Australia 95
17 Tunisia 92
18 Italy 61
19 Uruguay 54
20 Morocco 49

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach